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2 {{toc/}}
3 {{/box}}
4
5 XWiki Forms (##xform## / ##xformInline##) are general usage purpose CSS classes, that need to be used in order to have a consistent view of forms across XWiki.
6
7 * Forms Layout Type:
8 ** **Vertical Layout** (##xform##): uses a dl-dt-dd structure.
9 ** [[Inline Layout>>platform:DevGuide.InlineForms]] (##xformInline##).
10
11 This classes implementation has been voted at [[~[Vote~] ~[Standards~] Forms: Usage + Documentation page to XWiki.org>>http://markmail.org/thread/5zrnncdukmc7wmer]] and implemented in [[XSCOLIBRI-260>>https://jira.xwiki.org/browse/XSCOLIBRI-260]].
12
13 = Usage =
14
15 * Obs: the CSS classes have as a parent the ##.xform## class. This is supposed to be used on the form tag, but if the styling is done inside dynamically-generated structures, it can be used on other elements, like divs, as long as the element remains the parent for the other form components. For instance, a common use case is when you design a form that is to be used in inline edit mode, you have to wrap the form content in a div element and use ##class='xform'## on the div instead of the form. This is needed because in inline edit mode the entire page content is put inside a form element to which we don't have access as it is generated in a velocity template, and generating a form element inside the page content will produce invalid HTML since nested form elements are not allowed (the inner form element will probably be removed either by the rendering engine or by the browser).
16
17 (% summary="Table containg classes for different form components" %)
18 |=(% rowspan="2" %) Tag |=(% rowspan="2" %)Type |=(% rowspan="2" %)Size |=(% colspan="3" %)Classes|=(% rowspan="2" %)Usage
19 |=Required      |=Optional       |=Container
20 |form     | | |##.xform##     |##.half##, ##.third##| |Container for the form controls
21 |label    | | | | |dt                  |Descriptive label for the control
22 |span     | | |##.xRequired## | |dt label            |Displays the required status of a control
23 |a        | | |##.xHelp##     | |dt                  |Attach a link to external documentation about a control
24 |span     | | |##.xHint##     | |dt                  |Attach hint information to a control
25 |span     | | |##.xErrorMsg## | |dt                  |Alert or error information for the control
26 |input    | hidden   | | | | |
27 |(% rowspan="2" %)input |(% rowspan="2" %)(((
28 text
29 Since 12.10: color, date, datetime-local, email, number, search, tel, time
30 )))|(% rowspan="2" %)size=60 |(% rowspan="2" %) |##.disabled##   |dd                  |
31 |##.xErrorField##|dd                  |Alert or error triggering control
32 |(% rowspan="2" %)input |(% rowspan="2" %)password |(% rowspan="2" %)size=60 |(% rowspan="2" %) |##.disabled##   |dd                  |
33 |##.xErrorField##|dd                  |Alert or error triggering control
34 |input    | radio    | | | | |
35 |input    | checkbox | | | | |
36 |input    | submit   | |##.button##    |##.secondary## ##.disabled##|span##.buttonwrapper##|Button controls
37 |input    | button   | |##.button##    |##.secondary## ##.disabled##|span##.buttonwrapper##|Button controls
38 |a        | | |##.button##    |##.secondary## ##.disabled##|span##.buttonwrapper##|Button controls
39 |(% rowspan="2" %)textarea |(% rowspan="2" %) |(% rowspan="2" %)rows=7 cols=45 |(% rowspan="2" %) | | |
40 |##.xErrorField##|dd                  |Alert or error triggering control
41 |select   | |size=1  | | | |
42 |fieldset | | | | | |
43 |legend   | | | | | |
44
45 = Components =
46
47 == 1. Labels ==
48
49 * This element provides a descriptive label for the containing form control.
50 * **Obs.1**: Use uppercase ('UPPERCASE') bold fonts for input field labels [ title case ('Title Case') in the translation keys]
51 * **Obs.2**: Do __not__ use colons(:) at the end of labels
52
53 === [preview] ===
54
55 [[image:label.png]]
56
57 === [html] ===
58
59 {{code language="html"}}
60 <form action="." class="xform" method="post" name="form_name1">
61 <dl>
62 <dt>
63 <label for="input_id1">Label</label>
64 </dt>
65 <dd>
66 <input id="input_id1" name="input_name1" type="text" size="60" value=""/>
67 </dd>
68 </dl>
69 <p>
70 <span class="buttonwrapper">
71 <input class="button" type="submit" value="Button"/>
72 </span>
73 </p>
74 </form>
75 {{/code}}
76
77 === [demo] ===
78
79 {{html clean="false"}}
80 <form action="." class="xform" method="post" name="form_name9">
81 <dl>
82 <dt>
83 <label for="input_id1">Label</label>
84 </dt>
85 <dd>
86 <input id="input_id1" name="input_name1" type="text" size="60" value=""/>
87 </dd>
88 </dl>
89 <p>
90 <span class="buttonwrapper">
91 <input class="button" type="submit" value="Button"/>
92 </span>
93 </p>
94 </form>
95 {{/html}}
96
97 === [css] ===
98
99 {{code language="css"}}
100 .xform input[type="text" size="60"], .xform input[type="password"],
101 .xform select, .xform textarea{
102 width: 99%;
103 }
104
105 .xform dt {
106 margin-top: 1.2em;
107 }
108
109 .xform label {
110 color: $theme.textColor;
111 display: block;
112 font-size: .85em;
113 font-weight: 700;
114 margin-bottom: .3em;
115 text-transform: uppercase;
116 }
117 {{/code}}
118
119 == 2. Required ==
120
121 * This element displays the required status of a form control.
122
123 === [preview] ===
124
125 [[image:required.png]]
126
127 === [html] ===
128
129 {{code language="html"}}
130 <label for="input_id2">Label <span class="xRequired">(Required)</span></label>
131 {{/code}}
132
133 === [demo] ===
134
135 {{html clean="false"}}
136 <form action="." class="xform" method="post" name="form_name2">
137 <dl>
138 <dt>
139 <label for="input_id2">Label <span class="xRequired">(Required)</span></label>
140 </dt>
141 <dd>
142 <input id="input_id2" name="input_name2" type="text" size="60" value=""/>
143 </dd>
144 </dl>
145 <p>
146 <span class="buttonwrapper">
147 <input class="button" type="submit" value="Button"/>
148 </span>
149 </p>
150 </form>
151 {{/html}}
152
153 === [css] ===
154
155 {{code language="css"}}
156 .xform .xRequired {
157 color: $theme.textSecondaryColor;
158 font-size: .9em;
159 font-style: italic;
160 font-weight: normal;
161 margin-left: 1ex;
162 text-transform: none;
163 }
164 {{/code}}
165
166 === [translation] ===
167
168 core.validation.required=(Required)
169
170 == 3. Help ==
171
172 * This element displays an icon pointing to some external documentation about a specific field.
173
174 === [preview] ===
175
176 [[image:help.png]]
177
178 === [html] ===
179
180 {{code language="html"}}
181 <dt>
182 <label for="input_id3">Label</label>
183 <a class="xHelp" title="Documentation" href="#">Documentation</a>
184 </dt>
185 {{/code}}
186
187 === [demo] ===
188
189 {{html clean="false"}}
190 <form action="." class="xform" method="post" name="form_name">
191 <dl>
192 <dt>
193 <label for="input_id3a">Label</label>
194 <a class="xHelp" title="Documentation" href="#">Documentation</a>
195 </dt>
196 <dd>
197 <input id="input_id3a" name="input_name1" type="text" size="61" value=""/>
198 </dd>
199 </dl>
200 <p>
201 <span class="buttonwrapper">
202 <input class="button" type="submit" value="Button"/>
203 </span>
204 </p>
205 </form>
206 {{/html}}
207
208 === [css] ===
209
210 {{code language="css"}}
211 .xform .xHelp {
212 background: transparent url("$xwiki.getSkinFile('icons/silk/information.gif')") left top no-repeat;
213 float: right;
214 height: 16px;
215 line-height: 250px;
216 margin-right: 1px;
217 margin-top: -20px;
218 overflow: hidden;
219 text-align: left !important;
220 width: 16px;
221 }
222 {{/code}}
223
224 == 4. Hint ==
225
226 * This element provides a convenient way to attach hint information to a form control.
227
228 === [preview] ===
229
230 [[image:hint.png]]
231
232 === [html] ===
233
234 {{code language="html"}}
235 <dt>
236 <label for="input_id3">Label</label>
237 <span class="xHint">Hint</span>
238 </dt>
239 {{/code}}
240
241 === [demo] ===
242
243 {{html clean="false"}}
244 <form action="." class="xform" method="post" name="form_name3">
245 <dl>
246 <dt>
247 <label for="input_id3">Label</label>
248 <span class="xHint">Hint</span>
249 </dt>
250 <dd>
251 <input id="input_id3" name="input_name3" type="text" size="60" value=""/>
252 </dd>
253 </dl>
254 <p>
255 <span class="buttonwrapper">
256 <input class="button" type="submit" value="Button"/>
257 </span>
258 </p>
259 </form>
260 {{/html}}
261
262 === [css] ===
263
264 {{code language="css"}}
265 .xform .xHint {
266 color: $theme.textSecondaryColor;
267 display: block;
268 font-size: .8em;
269 font-style: normal;
270 font-weight: 400;
271 margin-bottom: .3em;
272 }
273 {{/code}}
274
275 == 5. Error ==
276
277 * This element provides a convenient way to attach alert or error information to a form control.
278
279 === [preview] ===
280
281 [[image:error.png]]
282
283 === [html] ===
284
285 {{code language="html"}}
286 <dl>
287 <dt>
288 <label for="input_id5">Label</label>
289 <span class="xHint">Hint</span>
290 <span class="xErrorMsg">Error</span>
291 </dt>
292 <dd>
293 <input class="xErrorField" id="input_id5" name="input_name5" type="text" size="60" value=""/>
294 </dd>
295 </dl>
296 {{/code}}
297
298 === [demo] ===
299
300 {{html clean="false"}}
301 <form action="." class="xform" method="post" name="form_name5">
302 <dl>
303 <dt>
304 <label for="input_id5">Label</label>
305 <span class="xHint">Hint</span>
306 <span class="xErrorMsg">Error</span>
307 </dt>
308 <dd>
309 <input class="xErrorField" id="input_id5" name="input_name5" type="text" size="60" value=""/>
310 </dd>
311 </dl>
312 <p>
313 <span class="buttonwrapper">
314 <input class="button" type="submit" value="Button"/>
315 </span>
316 </p>
317 </form>
318 {{/html}}
319
320 === [css] ===
321
322 {{code language="css"}}
323 .xform .xErrorMsg {
324 color: #CC3333;
325 display: block;
326 font-size: .8em;
327 font-weight: normal;
328 margin-bottom: .3em;
329 }
330
331 .xform .xErrorField {
332 border: 1px solid #CC3333;
333 }
334 {{/code}}
335
336 == 6. Buttons ==
337
338 * Group multiple buttons in a ##.buttons## div
339
340 === [preview] ===
341
342 [[image:buttons.png]]
343
344 === [html] ===
345
346 * Use an additional ##.buttonwrapper## class span container to surround button elements
347
348 {{code language="html"}}
349 <div class="buttons">
350 <span class="buttonwrapper">
351 <input class="button" type="submit" value="Button"/>
352 </span>
353 <span class="buttonwrapper">
354 <a href="." class="button">Link</a>
355 </span>
356 <span class="buttonwrapper">
357 <input class="button secondary" type="submit" value="Secondary Button"/>
358 </span>
359 <span class="buttonwrapper">
360 <a href="." class="button secondary">Secondary Link</a>
361 </span>
362 </div>
363 {{/code}}
364
365 === [demo] ===
366
367 {{html clean="false"}}
368 <form action="." class="xform" method="post" name="form_name6">
369 <dl>
370 <dt>
371 <label for="input_id6">Label</label>
372 </dt>
373 <dd>
374 <input id="input_id6" name="input_name6" type="text" size="60" value=""/>
375 </dd>
376 </dl>
377 <p class="buttons">
378 <span class="buttonwrapper">
379 <input class="button" type="submit" value="Button"/>
380 </span>
381 <span class="buttonwrapper">
382 <a href="." class="button">Link</a>
383 </span>
384 <span class="buttonwrapper">
385 <input class="button secondary" type="submit" value="Secondary Button"/>
386 </span>
387 <span class="buttonwrapper">
388 <a href="." class="button secondary">Secondary Link</a>
389 </span>
390 </p>
391 </form>
392 {{/html}}
393
394 === [css] ===
395
396 ##.buttonwrapper## and ##.button## (##.secondary##) classes are described in ##colibri.css##
397
398 == 7. Disabling ==
399
400 * Use the ##.disabled## class if you want to have disabled input elements
401
402 === [preview] ===
403
404 [[image:disabledElements.png]]
405
406 === [html] ===
407
408 {{code language="html"}}
409 <dd>
410 <input type="text" class="disabled" disabled="disabled" ... />
411 </dd>
412 ...
413 <span class="buttonwrapper">
414 <input type="submit" class="button" value="Primary" ... />
415 </span>
416 <span class="buttonwrapper">
417 <input type="submit" class="button disabled" disabled="disabled" value="Primary Disabled" ... />
418 </span>
419 <span class="buttonwrapper">
420 <input type="submit" class="button secondary" value="Secondary" ... />
421 </span>
422 <span class="buttonwrapper">
423 <input type="submit" class="button secondary disabled" disabled="disabled" value="Primary Disabled" ... />
424 </span>
425 ...
426 <span class="buttonwrapper">
427 <a href="." class="secondary button disabled" ... >Secondary Disabled</a>
428 </span>
429 {{/code}}
430
431 == 8. Grouping ==
432
433 * Grouping can be done by using fieldset/legend or other markup (like headers)
434
435 === [preview] ===
436
437 [[image:grouping.png]]
438
439 === [html] ===
440
441 {{code language="html"}}
442 <h2>Group 1</h2>
443 {{/code}}
444
445 === [demo] ===
446
447 {{html clean="false"}}
448 <form action="." class="xform" method="post" name="form_name10">
449 <h2>Group 1</h2>
450 <dl>
451 <dt>
452 <label for="input_id10">Label</label>
453 </dt>
454 <dd>
455 <input id="input_id10" name="input_name10" type="text" size="60" value=""/>
456 </dd>
457 </dl>
458 <h2>Group 2</h2>
459 <dl>
460 <dt>
461 <label for="input_id11">Label</label>
462 </dt>
463 <dd>
464 <input id="input_id11" name="input_name11" type="text" size="60" value=""/>
465 </dd>
466 </dl>
467 <p>
468 <span class="buttonwrapper">
469 <input class="button" type="submit" value="Button"/>
470 </span>
471 </p>
472 </form>
473 {{/html}}
474
475 === [css] ===
476
477 {{code language="css"}}
478 .xform h2 {
479 font-size: 1.2em;
480 font-weight: bold;
481 margin: 2em 0 0;
482 }
483 {{/code}}
484
485 = Form Examples =
486
487 == [preview] ==
488
489 [[image:example.png]]
490
491 == [demo] ==
492
493 {{html clean="false"}}
494 <form action="." class="xform" method="post" name="form_name7">
495 <dl>
496 <dt>
497 <label for="input_id7">Browser Title Bar Text <span class="xRequired">(Required)</span></label>
498 <span class="xHint">Type the text you want to be displayed in the browser's title bar</span>
499 </dt>
500 <dd>
501 <input id="input_id7" name="input_name7" type="text" size="60" value=""/>
502 </dd>
503 <dt>
504 <label for="checkbox_id1">Indexing</label>
505 <span class="xHint">Index only elements that are not already indexed</span>
506 </dt>
507 <dd>
508 <label for="checkbox_id1"><input type="checkbox" name="checkbox_id1"/> Standard Index</label>
509 </dd>
510 <dt>
511 <label for="select_id1">Show Left Panels</label>
512 </dt>
513 <dd>
514 <select id="select_id1" size="1">
515 <option value="" label="---">---</option>
516 <option value="1" label="Yes">Yes</option>
517 <option selected="selected" value="0" label="No">No</option>
518 </select>
519 </dd>
520 <dt>
521 <label>Activate annotations</label>
522 <span class="xHint">Configure if annotations are available for the current wiki</span>
523 </dt>
524 <dd>
525 <label for="radio_id1">
526 <input type="radio" value="1" name="radio_name1" id="radio_id1" checked="checked"/>
527 Yes
528 </label>
529 <label for="radio_id2">
530 <input type="radio" value="0" name="radio_name1" id="radio_id2"/>
531 No
532 </label>
533 </dd>
534 <dt>
535 <label for="textarea_id1">HTTP Meta Information</label>
536 </dt>
537 <dd>
538 <textarea id="textarea_id1" rows="7" cols="45">Text</textarea>
539 </dd>
540 </dl>
541 <p>
542 <span class="buttonwrapper">
543 <input class="button" type="submit" value="Button"/>
544 </span>
545 <span class="buttonwrapper">
546 <input class="secondary button" type="submit" value="Secondary Button"/>
547 </span>
548 </p>
549 </form>
550 {{/html}}
551
552 = Tips =
553
554 == Other useful CSS classes ==
555
556 * Read about [[Special CSS classes>>platform:DevGuide.SpecialCSSClasses]] that can be used for forms elements.
557
558 == LiveValidation ==
559
560 * [[XWIKI-4792>>https://jira.xwiki.org/browse/XWIKI-4792]]: Add javascript LiveValidation input validation library
561
562 == Captchas ==
563
564 * [[Captcha Module>>extensions:Extension.Captcha Module]]
565
566 == WCAG ==
567
568 * A form created within XWiki must be validated accordingly with the WCAG rules. There are some [[exceptions>>dev:Community.WCAGTesting]] stated for XWiki.

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